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Recommended Trauma Treatments

The trauma treatments that TRR uses in its programming, and which we recommend, are ones that have been developed by leaders in the field of Traumatic Stress. All are known to rapidly, and effectively, reduce and/or resolve the most distressing symptoms of Combat Trauma.

EMDR Therapy (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing)

EMDR is the primary evidence-based trauma treatment in TRR's Warrior Camp® program. It was developed over 30 years ago and has been heavily studied and evaluated. It has been given an “A” rating, meaning “always appropriate and acceptable” by the VA and DoD, Clinical Practice Guideline for the Management of Post Traumatic Stress in 2004, and reaffirmed in 2010 and 2017. It is a primary treatment utilized by the Israel Defense Forces, as well as National Councils of Mental Health in the Netherlands, Ireland, Germany, France, the UK, and others.

EAGALA-model Equine Assisted Psychotherapy (EAP)

Equine Assisted Psychotherapy (EAP) is a therapy model that uses horses (unmounted) as members of a therapy team. Horses are exceptionally sensitive and respond to intention and underlying emotion, enabling the human professionals to understand more deeply what is going on for the clients. EAP has been used with combat veterans for the past few years, both in the community and through some military–supported programs. Military veterans appreciate this modality as it does not require as much talking as other forms of treatment.

Equine Assisted Psychotherapy has been in practice for 18 years in the United States and internationally, and is noticeably effective in reducing hyper arousal, as well as re-establishing the capacity for attachment to others that has often been severely damaged as a result of traumatic combat experiences. TRR is conducting research into the efficacy of this model as a treatment for Combat Trauma.

Narrative Writing

Narrative writing another positive and constructive way of processing stress and traumatic experiences. Writing offers warriors opportunities for reflection, creative expression and self-empowerment which complements the work done though other therapeutic modalities. Since writing is a process of discovery, no writing experience or level of skill is required for warriors to benefit from making discoveries about their own truth, trauma story, or moral injury privately at whatever pace feels safe to them. Being offered a wide and flexible array of writing interventions often leads to veterans feeling empowered to record and reflect upon insights from the therapy and healing process, making them a more informed and active participant in the healing process.


Yoga is a 5000 year old practice that is known to have many benefits to the body, mind and spirit. Because it is inherently regulating to the nervous system it can help people heal from many types of traumas. Our nation’s military personnel who have served in combat zones are routinely at high risk for trauma. Yoga has the power to help them regain balance, both physical and mental, as well as enhance strength, endurance, discipline and a sense of purpose.

The Department of Defense is well aware of the benefits of yoga, especially with regard to mental acuity and focus and has integrated yoga practice into complementary medicine programs on numerous military bases throughout the United States as well as on Landstuhl Air Base in Germany.

Sweat Lodge

Sweat Lodge is a ceremonial practice that has been used by Native Americans and other indigenous people as preparation for going to war, and for welcoming warriors home from war, for centuries. It is intended as a spiritual and respectful path towards reconnecting to the earth and all it's inhabitants, at the same time as it is a way to cleanse and purge toxins from the physical body. In this way, sweat lodge contributes to mental, spiritual and physical healing. It has been a modality offered by several Veterans Administration programs since the mid-90's.





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