Recommended Trauma Treatments
The trauma treatments that TRR uses in its programming, and which we recommend, are ones that have been developed by leaders in the field of Traumatic Stress. All are known to rapidly, and effectively, reduce and/or resolve the most distressing symptoms of Combat Trauma.
EMDR Therapy (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing)
EMDR is the primary evidence-based trauma treatment in TRR's Warrior Camp® program. It was developed over 25 years ago and has been heavily studied and evaluated. It has been given an “A” rating, meaning “always appropriate and acceptable” by the VA and DoD, Clinical Practice Guideline for the Management of Post Traumatic Stress, 2010. Read More
It has also been approved as an acceptable treatment by:
- American Psychiatric Association
- Israel National Council for Mental Health
- Northern Ireland Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety
- Netherlands Quality Institute Health Care CBO/Trimbos Institute
- French National Institute of Health and Medical Research (INSERM)
- United Kingdom Department of Health
- SAMHSA – Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration
- The Therapy Advisor: National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) website
- WHO - World Health Organization
EAGALA-model Equine Assisted Psychotherapy (EAP)
Equine Assisted Psychotherapy (EAP) is a therapy model that uses horses (unmounted) as members of a therapy team. Horses are exceptionally sensitive and respond to intention and underlying emotion, enabling the human professionals to understand more deeply what is going on for the clients. EAP has been used with combat veterans for the past few years, both in the community and through some military–supported programs. Military veterans appreciate this modality as it does not require as much talking as other forms of treatment.
Equine Assisted Psychotherapy has been in practice for 18 years in the United States and internationally, and is noticeably effective in reducing hyper arousal, as well as re-establishing the capacity for attachment to others that has often been severely damaged as a result of traumatic combat experiences. TRR is conducting research into the efficacy of this model as a treatment for Combat Trauma.
Narrative writing offers warriors opportunities for reflection, creative expression and self-empowerment which complements the work done though other therapeutic modalities. Since writing is a process of discovery, no writing experience or level of skill is required for warriors to benefit from making discoveries about their own truth, trauma story, or moral injury privately at whatever pace feels safe to them. Being offered a wide and flexible array of writing interventions often leads to veterans feeling empowered to record and reflect upon insights from the therapy and healing process, making them a more informed and active participant in the healing process.
Writing their own trauma narrative helps warriors to integrate the dissociated parts of their psyche and their trauma experience, creating
new healing neural pathways lined with their own words. In addition, keeping a written record of events and emotions offers a kind
of external memory bank and coping tool for warriors with brain injury, allowing them to make more consistent and confident clinical
progress toward healing. As warriors write their way home, they can also choose when and if they share parts of their narrative
with others in their home or in wider circles of support, reducing their isolation. Whether shared or kept private, narrative writing
helps veterans to reclaim the words, truths, stories, and strengths that had been stripped away by the winds of war.
Yoga is a 5000 year old practice that is known to have many benefits to the body, mind and spirit. Because it is inherently regulating to the nervous system it can help people heal from many types of traumas. Our nation’s military personnel who have served in combat zones are routinely at high risk for trauma. Yoga has the power to help them regain balance, both physical and mental, as well as enhance strength, endurance, discipline and a sense of purpose.
The Department of Defense is well aware of the benefits of yoga, especially with regard to mental acuity and focus and has integrated yoga practice into complementary medicine programs on numerous military bases throughout the United States as well as on Landstuhl Air Base in Germany.